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Renton School District

Common Acronyms

Common Acronyms in Special Education

Acronym

Meaning

504 Plan

Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973

Section 504 is a federal civil rights law that is designed to eliminate disability discrimination in programs and activities that receive federal funds. Since all public schools districts receive federal funds, all public school districts must comply with Section 504. Under Section 504, denying a disabled student a free appropriate public education constitutes disability discrimination.

AAC

Alternative Augmentative Communication

All forms of communication (other than oral speech) that is used to express thoughts, needs, wants, and ideas.

ABA

Applied Behavior Analysis

A scientifically validated approach to understanding behavior and how it is affected by the environment.

ABC

Antecedent, Behavior, Consequence

This simple formula helps a professional write a Functional Behavioral Analysis (FBA).

ADA

Americans with Disabilities Act

Civil rights law that protects people with disabilities from discrimination.

ADD

Attention Deficit Disorder

A range of behavioral disorders occurring in students that include inappropriate inattention and impulsivity for their mental and chronological age.

ADHD

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

A brain disorder marked by an ongoing pattern of inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity that interferes with functioning or development.

ADLs

Activities of Daily Living

Common, everyday tasks people learn to do to become self-sufficient.

AIM

Accessible Instructional Materials

Accessible versions of instructional materials for those students unable to use printed materials.

ASD

Autism Spectrum Disorder

A group of complex disorders of brain development characterized, in varying degrees, by difficulties in social interaction, verbal and nonverbal communication and repetitive behaviors.

ASL

American Sign Language

A complete, complex language that employs signs made by moving the hands combined with facial expressions and postures of the body.

AT

Assistive Technology

Assistive and adaptive technology to support special education in the regular classroom and the special education classroom.

ATP

Adult Transition Program

This program is for students 18-21 years old. The curricular focus is on practical life skills including life- long workplace training, community participation, transportation, home living skills and self-care. Many students are working in a variety of businesses. Student disabilities range from severe to moderate.

AYP

Adequate Yearly Progress

AYP sets a standard for accountability, which measures states, schools and districts by the results of state-level tests in 2 main content areas — math and reading. AYP uses this assessment data to measure the academic performance of all students, including subgroups such as children whose families qualify as low-income.

B-2

Birth through Two

Districts are responsible for ensuring services are available for eligible infants and toddlers. Services are outline in an Individual Family Service Plan (IFSP). Renton contracts with providers for services.

BCBA

Board Certified Behavior Analyst

The Board Certified Behavior Analyst is a graduate-level certification in behavior analysis that works with teams to assess behavior, develop behavior intervention plans, and collaborate to develop student programming.

BIP

Behavior Intervention Plan

A written plan used to address the social and emotional needs of a student that includes positive behavioral interventions, strategies and support. May include program modifications and supplementary aids and services.

CAA

Certificate of Academic Achievement

A Certificate of Academic Achievement (CAA) or Certificate of Individual Achievement (CIA) tells families, schools, businesses, and colleges that a student has mastered a minimum set of skills required for graduation. Students show what they know and can do by passing state tests or state-approved alternatives.

CAP

Corrective Action Plan

Corrective action tasks assigned to the District by OSPI as a result of a finding in a special education citizen’s complaint. The tasks can be student specific, district specific, or both.

CAPD

Central Auditory Processing Disorder

An auditory deficit in how the central nervous system uses auditory information that is not the result of other higher-order cognitive, language, or related disorder.

CBA/M

Curriculum Based Assessment/Measurement

Curriculum-Based Measurement (CBM) is a method teachers use to find out how students are progressing in basic academic areas such as math, reading, writing, and spelling.

CCSS

Common Core State Standards

The CCSS provide clear and consistent learning goals to help prepare students for college, career, and life. The standards clearly demonstrate what students are expected to learn at each grade level, so that every parent and teacher can understand and support their learning.

CD

Communication Disorder

Problems related to speech, language and auditory processing. CDs may range from simple sound repetitions such as stuttering to occasional misarticulation of words to complete inability to use speech and language for communications (aphasia).

CF

Child Find

All children with disabilities residing in the district regardless of the severity of their disability, and who are in need of special education and related services, are identified, located, and evaluated.

CI

Cognitive Impairment

A brain function syndrome where the ability to learn and to retain what was learned is impaired or damaged for some reason.

CIA

Certificate of Individual Achievement

A certificate for students who have mastered a minimum set of skills required for graduation. The CIA is for students with an Individualized Education Program (IEP).

DB

Deaf-Blind

Concomitant [simultaneous] hearing and visual impairments, the combination of which causes such severe communication and other developmental and educational needs that they cannot be accommodated in special education programs solely for children with deafness or children with blindness.

DD

Developmental Delay (ages birth-9 only)

A delay in one or more of the following areas: physical development; cognitive development; communication; social or emotional development; or adaptive [behavioral] development.

DVR

Division of Vocational Rehabilitation

Assist individuals with disabilities to participate fully in their communities and become employed.

EBD

Emotional Behavior Disorder

A condition exhibiting one or more of the following characteristics over a long period of time and to a marked degree that adversely affects a child’s educational performance: (a) an inability to learn that cannot be explained by intellectual, sensory, or health factors, (b) an inability to build or maintain satisfactory interpersonal relationships with peers and teachers, (c) inappropriate types of behavior or feelings under normal circumstances, (d) a general pervasive mood of unhappiness or depression, or (e) A tendency to develop physical symptoms or fears associated with personal or school problems.

ECEAP

Early Childhood Education and Assistance Program

The Early Childhood Education and Assistance Program (ECEAP) is Washington's pre-kindergarten program serving at-risk three and four year olds and their families. ECEAP provides children with preschool education, health services, intensive family support, and parent involvement and training.

ECSE

Early Childhood Special Education

ECSE is designed for students ages 3-5 years that have been found eligible for special education services under the IDEA. RSD provides a continuum of services and supports intended to meet the individual needs of our preschool aged students. ECSE professionals and related services personnel provide specialized educational services to students with disabilities in a variety of settings such as a developmental preschool.

EI

Early Intervention

Early intervention applies to children of school age or younger who are discovered to have or be at risk of developing a handicapping condition or other special need that may affect their development. Early intervention consists in the provision of services such children and their families for the purpose of lessening the effects of the condition. Early intervention can be remedial or preventive in nature.

EL

English Learners

A student who is learning the English language in addition to his/her native language.

ERP

Emergency Response Protocol

An addendum to the IEP that documents the advanced educational planning, conditions, and precautions needed in the case that isolation, restraint, or a restraint device may be used. The form must be signed by a Parent/Guardian, documenting prior consent. ERPs must be incorporated into the student's IEP and reviewed annually.

ESA

Educational Staff Associate

Certification of professionals in schools that are not teachers, examples include speech language pathologists, occupational therapists, physical therapists, school psychologists, school nurses, audiologists, and school counselors

ESD

Educational Service District

Washington has 9 educational service districts. Our regional ESD is Puget Sound ESD located in Renton. ESDs provide a variety of supports to school districts, one example is professional development.

ESSA

Every Student Succeeds Act

The ESSA is a US law that governs K–12 public education policy. The law replaced the NCLB Act, and modified but did not eliminate provisions relating to the periodic standardized tests given to students. This bipartisan measure reauthorizes the 50-year-old Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA), the nation’s national education law and longstanding commitment to equal opportunity for all students.

ESY

Extended School Year

ESY is the special education and related services provided to students beyond the regular 180 day school year to maintain a student's learned skills / behavior, not the teaching of new skills/behaviors. The IEP team decides whether or not the student requires ESY services and the location of these services.

FAPE

Free Appropriate Public Education

Legal requirement for school districts to provide free appropriate public education to qualified students with disabilities, regardless of disability.

FBA

Functional Behavioral Assessment

A problem solving process for addressing inappropriate behavior; a systematic data-collection procedure, and exploring the functions or reasons for students' interfering behaviors.

FERPA

Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act

A Federal law that protects the privacy of student education records.

FTE

Full-time Equivalent

The ratio units are FTE units or equivalent employees working full-time. 1.0 is a full-time teacher while .6 FTE is a 3-day a week employee.

GE or GenEd

General Education

The program of education that typically developing children receive based on state standards and evaluated by the annual state educational standards test.

HI

Hearing Impaired

An impairment in hearing, whether permanent or fluctuating, that adversely affects a child’s educational performance but is not included under the definition of “deafness.”

HIB

Harrassment, Intimidation, and Bullying

IAES

Interim Alternative Educational Setting

An educational setting and program other than the student's current placement that enables the student to continue to receive educational services according to his/her IEP determined by a team who develops a set of modifications for the educational program of a student. The setting is designed to allow the student to continue progress in the regular curriculum to meet the goals set out by the IEP and to allow students to receive services and modifications designed to help students address problem behavior.

ID

Intellectual Disability

Significantly sub average general intellectual functioning, existing concurrently [at the same time] with deficits in adaptive behavior and manifested during the developmental period, that adversely affects a child’s educational performance.

IDEA

Individuals with Disabilities Education Act

Federal law ensuring services to children with disabilities. Governs how states and public agencies provide education to youth with disabilities.

IE

Inclusive Education

Inclusive education practices are defined as attitudes, approaches and strategies taken by educators to ensure that all students are welcomed, accepted, safe, listened to and valued so they can participate to the extent possible and practical in all educational and extracurricular activities. Inclusive practices ensure students with and without disabilities are not excluded or isolated from the learning environment due to their learning needs, readiness level or interests. Inclusive practices have come about as a response to the increasing demands to meet the needs of diverse groups of students we have in our schools and classrooms today. The aim of inclusive practices is not to dilute the standards or change the content, but to accommodate a diversity of abilities, cultural backgrounds, learning styles and needs of the students.

IEE

Independent Educational Evaluation

An educational evaluation conducted by a qualified examiner who is not employed by the public agency responsible for the education of the student in question.

IEP

Independent Educational Plan

Personalized education program for students with disabilities.

IHP

Individualized Health Plan

A formal written agreement for a student with special health care needs developed with the interdisciplinary collaboration of the school staff in partnership with the student’s family, the student, and the student’s health care provider(s)

IK

Integrated Kindergarten

Taught by dual certified teachers and have approximately 15 students without disabilities and 6 students with disabilities.

ILC

Instructional Learning Center

This program is for students with moderate to severe cognitive challenges and generally require a variety of services such as OT/PT, SLP and/or nursing services, as outlined in the IEP. ILC classrooms range from K-12th grade. Functional skills and academic skills are the focus with participation in general education classes as determined by each IEP team.

ILCi

Instructional Learning Center, Intermediate

This program is for students with moderate to severe cognitive challenges and generally require a variety of services such as OT/PT, SLP and/or nursing services, as outlined in the IEP. ILC classrooms may range from grades 2-5. Functional skills and academic skills are the focus with participation in general education classes as determined by each IEP team.

ILC-K

Instructional Learning Center, Kindergarten

This program is for students with moderate to severe cognitive challenges and generally require a variety of services such as OT/PT, SLP and/or nursing services, as outlined in the IEP. ILC-K classrooms serve students in kindergarten. Functional skills and academic skills are the focus with participation in general education classes as determined by each IEP team.

ILCp

Instructional Learning Center, Primary

This program is for students with moderate to severe cognitive challenges and generally require a variety of services such as OT/PT, SLP and/or nursing services, as outlined in the IEP. ILC classrooms may range from grades K-3. Functional skills and academic skills are the focus with participation in general education classes as determined by each IEP team.

ILCs

Instructional Learning Center, Severe

This program is for students with severe cognitive challenges and generally require a variety of services such as OT/PT, SLP and/or nursing services, as outlined in the IEP. ILC classrooms may range from grades K-5. Functional skills and academic skills are the focus with participation in general education classes as determined by each IEP team.

ISP

Individual Service Plan

A plan for students with disabilities attending private school. Services can be similar to ones in an IEP but may be fewer than if attending the public school due to limited funds (proportionate share).

ISS

In School Suspension

Student attends school but removed from regular student schedule for discipline reasons, teacher provides student work to be completed in a separate location (ISS room)

ITP

Individualized Transition Plan

An ITP is added to the student’s IEP beginning no later than the year the student reaches age 16. This plan focuses more intentionally on preparing the student for life after s/he graduates or “ages-out” of the school system. There are six steps in creating this plan that include: transition assessments, appropriate and measurable post-secondary goals, individualized transition services, a relevant course of study, coordinating services with adult service agencies, and writing IEP goals to support the post-secondary goals of the student.

KEC

Kohlwes Education Center

Renton School District administrative office located at 300 SW 7th Street

LD

Learning Disability

A learning disability is a neurological disorder. A LD results from a difference in the way a person's brain is "wired." Students with learning disabilities can be of average or higher intelligence than their peers, but may have difficulty reading, writing, spelling, reasoning, recalling and/or organizing information if left to figure things out by themselves or if taught in conventional ways.

LEA

Local Education Agency

A commonly used synonym for a school district.

LRE

Least Restrictive Environment

Requirement to educate special needs children with children who are not disabled, to the maximum extent as appropriate.

MAG

Measurable Annual Goals

The IEP must include measurable academic and functional annual goals for the student (including benchmarks or short-term objectives if the student is participating in alternate assessments) that will meet the student’s needs resulting from the disability(ies) to enable involvement and progress in the general education curriculum or in preschool activities, and will meet the student’s other educational needs.

MD

Multiple Disabilities

Concomitant [simultaneous] impairments (such as intellectual disability-blindness, intellectual disability-orthopedic impairment, etc.), the combination of which causes such severe educational needs that they cannot be accommodated in a special education program solely for one of the impairments.

MD

Manifestation Determination

Manifestation determination is a review by a team when a student who receives special education services is considered for suspension, expulsion or any alternative placement due to some behavioral concern. It is a process where the behavior of a student who receives special education is considered to determine if the actions that resulted in the consideration of some disciplinary action against the student were manifestations of the student's disability.

MDT

Multiple Disciplinary Team

A group of individuals from multiple disciplines who meet to pursue a common goal, such as evaluating a student for placement in special education or creating an individualized education program (IEP) for a student. Another multidisciplinary team is the student support team (SST). The professional collaboration of a multidisciplinary team helps ensure that their work regarding students is comprehensive and as unbiased as possible.

MOU

Memorandum of Understanding

An agreement between two or more parties, such as a school district and a university.

MTSS

Multi-Tiered System of Supports

A Multi-Tiered System of Supports (MTSS) is a systemic, continuous-improvement framework in which data-based problem solving and decision-making is practiced across all levels of the educational system for supporting students. The framework of MTSS is a “way of doing business,” which utilizes high quality evidence-based instruction, intervention, and assessment practices to ensure that every student receives the appropriate level of support to be successful. A Multi-Tiered System of Supports helps schools and districts to organize resources through alignment of academic standards and behavioral expectations, implemented with fidelity and sustained over time, in order to enable every child to successfully reach his/her fullest potential.

NCLB

No Child Left Behind (Act of 2001)

This act reauthorized the ESEA, incorporates principles and strategies such as increased accountability for States, school districts, and schools; greater choice for parents and students, particularly those attending low-performing schools; more flexibility for States and local educational agencies (LEAs) in the use of Federal education dollars; and a stronger emphasis on reading.

NPA

Non-Public Agency

If a student’s special education needs cannot be met by their resident district, the district may contract with an approved NonPublic Agency (NPA). The NPA provides the student’s special education and related services that are determined through the Individualized Education Program (IEP) process.

NPS

Non-public School

A "private school" is a non-public school conducting a program consisting of kindergarten and at least grade one or any of all grades one through 12. Minimum standards of health, safety, and education are also defined. Currently the private schools in RSD are XXX.

O&M

Orientation and Mobility

A profession specific to blindness and low vision that teaches safe, efficient, and effective travel skills to our students.

OHI

Other Health Impairment

Having limited strength, vitality, or alertness, including a heightened alertness to environmental stimuli that results in limited alertness with respect to the educational environment due to chronic or acute health problems.

OI

Orthopedic Impairment

A severe orthopedic impairment that adversely affects a child’s educational performance. The term includes impairments caused by a congenital anomaly, impairments caused by disease (e.g., poliomyelitis, bone tuberculosis), and impairments from other causes (e.g. amputations, fractures or burns that cause contractures)

OSPI

Office of Superintendent of Public Instruction

Oversees public education in Washington state.

OT

Occupational Therapist

Certificated and licensed professional, employed or contracted by the district, focuses on daily living, fine motor skills and sensory integration.

PBIS

Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports

A process to understand and resolve the problem behavior of students that is based on values and empirical research. It offers an approach to develop an understanding of why the student engages in problem behavior and strategies to prevent the occurrence of problem behavior while teaching the student new skills. Positive behavior support offers a holistic approach that considers all factors that have an impact on a child and the student’s behavior.

PDD

Pervasive Developmental Disorder

A group of conditions that involve delays in the development of many basic skills notably are the ability to socialize with others, to communicate, and to use imagination.

PLAAFP

Present Level of Academic Achievement and Functional Performance

As a foundation for higher achievement, the IEP team will identify your child’s current level of learning or performance and the effect or impact of your child’s disability on learning. The PLAAFP statement will give a snapshot of the student at a particular time and place. It will describe the level at which the student is working academically and functionally. This includes a description of a student’s strengths and needs.

PPPSS

Parently Placed Private School Students

Parents can choose to have their student(s) attend private schools and receive proportionate share through a Individual Service Plan (ISP) which does not provide FAPE or they can choose to part-time enroll in the neighborhood school.

PT

Physical Therapy

Certificated and licensed professional, employed or contracted by the district, evaluates and provides treatment of physical disabilities to improve the use of bones, muscles, joints and nerves through exercise.

PWN

Prior Written Notice

A PWN is a written statement from the school district that inform the parent(s) about recommendation(s) relating to the initiation or change in the identification, evaluation, educational placement of the student or the provision of a free appropriate public education (FAPE) to the student.

RCW

Revised Code of Washington

The RCW is the compilation of all permanent laws in Washington State.

RLC

Resource Learning Center

Services are available in pull-out or push-in, to support students with disabilities in working toward achieving success in general education classes. RLC services support students in addressing their academic and social/emotional needs, as outlined in each IEP for students K-12. Every school in Renton has RLC services.

RS

Related Services

Specialized services provided by the district for qualified students, such as physical therapy (PT), occupational therapy (OT) and speech language therapy.

RSD

Renton School District

RTI

Response to Intervention

A multi-tier approach to the early identification and support of students with learning and behavior needs.

SA

Supplementary Aids and Services

Aids, services, and other supports that are provided in regular education classes to enable children with disabilities to be educated with nondisabled children to the maximum extent appropriate.

SBAC

Smarter Balanced Assessment Consortium

The Smarter Balanced Assessment Consortium (SBAC) is a standardized test consortium. It creates Common Core State Standards-aligned tests ("adaptive online exams") to be used in several states, including Washington State.

SDI

Specially Designed Instruction

SDI is designed by a special education teacher and may be delivered by the special education teacher, paraeducator, and/or general education teacher, to present information to the student that is different than what other students received. It may be instruction that is additional to what other students received and/or different methods or techniques to present the instruction not used with other students. SDI is what makes special education “special.” SDI is provided to help close the academic performance gap between students with disabilities and their general education peers.

SE

Special Education

Educating students with special educational needs in a way that addresses their individual differences and needs.

SEL

Social Emotional Learning

Social and emotional learning (SEL) is the process through which children and adults understand and manage emotions, set and achieve positive goals, feel and show empathy for others, establish and maintain positive relationships, and make responsible decisions.

SLD

Specific Learning Disorder

A disorder in one or more of the basic psychological processes involved in understanding or in using language, spoken or written, that may manifest itself in the imperfect ability to listen, think, speak, read, write, spell, or to do mathematical calculations.

SLI

Speech or Language Impairment

A communication disorder such as stuttering, impaired articulation, a language impairment, or a voice impairment that adversely affects a child’s educational performance.

SLP

Speech Language Pathologist

Certificated professional, employed or contracted by the district, who focuses on improvement of communication issues such as the proper formation of words, sounds, inflections and phonemes.

TBI

Traumatic Brain Injury

An acquired injury to the brain caused by an external physical force, resulting in total or partial functional disability or psychosocial impairment, or both, that adversely affects a child’s educational performance.

TDD

Telecommunication Devices for the Deaf

A teleprinter, an electronic device for text communication over a telephone line that is designed for use by persons with hearing or speech difficulties.

TOD

Teacher of the Deaf

TOD provide support to students that are deaf or hard of hearing, their parents and family, and to other professionals who are involved with a child's education, as outlined in the IEP.

TVI

Teacher of the Visually Impaired

TVI provides support to students that are blind or visually impaired, their parents and family, and to other professionals who are involved with a child's education, as outlined in the IEP.

VI

Visual Impairment

Impairment in vision that, even with correction, adversely affects a child’s educational performance.

WA-AIM

Washington Access to Instruction & Measurement

An alternate assessment based on alternate achievement standards aligned to the Common Core State Standards for students with significant cognitive challenges.

WAC

Washington Administrative Code

Regulations of executive branch agencies are issued by authority of statutes. Regulations are a source of primary law in Washington State. The WAC codifies the regulations and arranges them by subject or agency.

WIDA

World-class Instructional Design and Assessment

WIDA is a consortium of states dedicated to the design and implementation of high standards and equitable educational opportunities for English learners. WIDA provides several assessments for use with English language learners. The W-APT (WIDA ACCESS Placement Test) is most often used as a screening test to determine the language level of students entering a school system.

WISM

Washington Integrated System of Monitoring

A special ed program review by OSPI with a primary focus on improving educational results and functional outcomes for all students with disabilities.