Mathematics

  • Mathematics Graduation Requirements

    Students in the class of 2019 and beyond must:

    • Earn three credits from high school level mathematics courses. Students must earn 1.0 credit in each of the three categories below:
      • Algebra I-A, B
      • Geometry A, B
      • A total of 1.0 credits from third-credit qualifying courses
    • Meet requirements on the state mathematics exam required of students in their graduating class. Students must:
      • Meet the exit exam score on the Smarter Balanced math assessment OR
      • Complete a state-approved CAA alternative option in mathematics.

    Students who qualify for special education services under WAC 180-51-115 must:

    • Earn three credits of math designated by their Individualized Education Plan (IEP).
    • Meet requirements on the state mathematics exam required of students in their graduating class as designated by their IEP. Students must:
      • Meet the exit exam score on the Smarter Balanced math assessment OR
      • Meet the Washington Access to Instruction & Measurement (WA-AIM) math score OR
      • Complete a state-approved CIA alternative option in mathematics.

     

    College Admissions Requirements

    Students intending to go to a four-year college in Washington State must earn at least three credits in mathematics that include Algebra II-A, B. Additionally, students must, unless they have taken a course beyond Algebra II-A, B take a “math-based quantitative course” during their final year of high school. This course does not necessarily have to be a mathematics course. Students should familiarize themselves with admissions requirements before making decisions about what courses to take during their senior year. 

    Students who plan to pursue post-secondary education in a community or technical college program should take a strong math program. While successful completion of Algebra D-E is not generally a requirement for admission to community or technical colleges, it is recommended. 

    *Certificate of Academic Achievement alternative options are described in the “Assessment” section of the OSPI website. Please visit www.k12.wa.us

    To be eligible to graduate, students in the class of 2016 and beyond must earn three credits in mathematics. Credit must be earned in Algebra I-A, B, Geometry A, B and in a combination of third-credit qualifying courses. All courses in Levels 3 and above (see below) are third-credit qualifying courses. Students must earn 1.0 credit in Algebra I-A, B before taking a third-credit qualifying course if those credits are to be applied to the third-credit requirement. 

    Students entering high school having already completed Geometry and/or Algebra 1-2 and choosing to not include those courses on their high school transcript have different requirements. Students starting high school with Geometry must earn credit in Geometry, Algebra II-A, B and 1.0 additional math credits. Students starting high school in Algebra II-A, B must earn credit in Algebra II-A, B and 2.0 additional math credits. 

    Most four-year colleges require that students complete Algebra II-A, B to be eligible to apply for admission. Because of this, as per state law, parents/guardians must meet with a school representative and indicate that this is their choice should students wish to take something other than Algebra II-A, B as their third math credit. In general, students complete a course at the previous level before taking a course at the next level. Students may take courses within the same level concurrently. Students wishing to concurrently take courses at different levels should consult their current math teacher.

    Math Chart

     

     

     

     

  • MATHEMATICS

    Courses with an * meet the third-credit requirement.


    ALGEBRA FUNDAMENTALS

    Course Code: PMA132
    This first course in the Algebra sequence is designed to provide students with the time and opportunity to develop a deep understanding of the algebraic concepts needed for all future highschool and college-level courses. In this course, students will learn to simplify arithmetic and algebraic expressions, study various functions, and solve linear equations including systems of linear equations.

    ALGEBRA I-A

    Course Code: PMA109
    This is the second course in the Algebra sequence, which serves to formalize and extend the mathematics that students learned in previous math courses.  Students will extend their understanding of linear and exponential relationships by contrasting them with each other and by applying linear models to data that exhibit a linear trend.  Students will also learn how to compare quantitative data sets using different measures of center and spread.  Earning credit in Algebra I-B is a graduation requirement.

    ALGEBRA I-B

    Course Code: PMA110
    Recommendation: D or better in Algebra I-A
    This is the third course in the Algebra sequence, which serves to formalize and extend the mathematics that students learned in previous math courses.  Students will engage in methods for analyzing, solving, and using quadratic functions while also extending their knowledge of number systems to imaginary and complex numbers.  Students will also learn the basic concepts of function transformations, which they will build upon in later courses.  Earning credit in Algebra I-B is a graduation requirement.

     

    GEOMETRY  A, B

    Course Code: PMA111, PMA112
    Recommendation: D or better in Algebra I-A 
    Geometry is a two-trimester course which serves to formalize and extend students' geometric experiences from previous courses.  Students will explore geometric transformations, angle measurements, similarity and congruence, and right triangle trigonometry. In addition, students will study probability, polygons, circles, and solids, and utilize inductive and deductive reasoning to construct formal mathematical proofs. Earning credits in both Geometry A and B is a graduation requirement. 

    CORE ALGEBRA  (1 TRIMESTER) *  

    Course Code: PMA134
    Recommendation: D or better in Algebra I-B
    This course is designed to provide students with the opportunity to develop a deeper understanding of algebraic concepts needed for the Smarter Balanced Assessment and prepare them to be successful in Algebra II-A. Topics covered include linear, quadratic, polynomial, and exponential functions. 

    ALGEBRA II-A (1 TRIMESTER) *

    Course Code: PMA113
    Recommendation: C or better in Algebra I-B OR C or better in Core Algebra
    Algebra II-A is a course in which students extend their repertoire of functions to include polynomial and rational functions.  Students continue to expand their abilities to model situations and to solve equations, including quadratic equations over the set of complex numbers.

    ALGEBRA II-B (1 TRIMESTER) *

    Course Code: PMA114
    Recommendation: D or better in Algebra II-A
    Algebra II-B is a course in which students extend their repertoire of functions to include radical, exponential, and logarithmic functions.  Students will also extend their general knowledge of functions by studying the inverses and compositions of functions. 

    INTRODUCTION TO STATISTICS (1 TRIMESTER) *                                      

    Course Code: PMA136
    Recommendation: D or better in Algebra I-B AND Geometry B 
    This course will acquaint students with concepts and tools for collecting, analyzing, and drawing conclusions from data. Students will learn how to interpret different types of data and communicate their findings both verbally and visually Included in the course will be many activities involving hands-on gathering and analysis of real world data.

    MATH IN ART (1 TRIMESTER) *

    Course Code: PMA131
    Recommendation: D or better in Algebra I-B AND Geometry B
    Math in Art reviews and extends concepts learned in Algebra and Geometry.  Students create fractals, visualize and draw figures from different viewpoints, build pictures with functions and three-dimensional models with matrices, and investigate the mathematics behind video game programming. Using those topics, they explore math concepts such as trigonometric functions, isometric and orthographic perspective, and function transformations.

    SAT MATH PREPARATION (1 TRIMESTER) *

    Course Code: PMA135
    Recommendation: D or better in Algebra II-B 
    Students will review prior math topics from Algebra and Geometry while developing and/or expanding their vocabulary, test-taking, and reasoning skills to help them be successful on the SAT.

    PROBLEM SOLVING (1 TRIMESTER) *                                     

    Course Code: PMA137
    Recommendation: D or better in Geometry B AND C or better in Algebra I-B 
    The goal of this class is for students to recognize that not all math questions can be solved in 5 minutes! Rather, students will investigate, learn, and apply the process of mathematical problem solving by grappling with rich math tasks, non-traditional mathematical investigations, and logic puzzles. Students will daily practice meta-cognitive skills and productive struggle in a course peppered with “a-ha” moments!

    BRIDGE TO COLLEGE MATH A, B   (2 TRIMESTERS:) *

    Course Code: PMA117, PMA118
    Recommendation: D or better in Algebra II-B (Seniors Only)
    Bridge to College Math is a two-trimester course for 12th grade students who plan to attend college but may not be interested in pursuing a degree in a STEM field. These courses address key learning standards from Algebra, Geometry, and Statistics while focusing on developing in-depth understanding communication, and connections between and among mathematical topics necessary for future college coursework and real-life applications.  Those who earn a grade of “B” or better in these courses (and scored a Level 2 or higher on the SBA) will be granted automatic placement into college-level (non-Calculus) mathematics courses at any of Washington State’s 34 community and technical colleges.

    TRIGONOMETRY (1 TRIMESTER) *

    Course Code PMA133
    Recommendation: C or better in Algebra II-B AND Geometry B
    This course will cover connections between right triangle trigonometry and the unit circle. Students will explore angle measurements, graphs of periodic functions, polar coordinates, and trigonometric ratios, identities, proofs, and equations. They will solve application problems using the Law of Sines and the Law of Cosines, inverse trigonometric functions, and vectors.

    MATH ANALYSIS A, B (2 TRIMESTERS:) *

    Course Code: PMA115, PMA116
    Recommendation: C or better in Algebra II-B
    Math Analysis is a two-trimester pre-calculus course which reviews and extends students' experiences with functions (including polynomial, rational, logarithmic, and exponential functions).  In addition, students study conic sections, combinatorics, systems, matrices, sequences and series, and some elementary Calculus concepts (with an emphasis on limits).  Successful completion of Math Analysis and Trigonometry will prepare students for a college level Calculus course.

    AP STATISTICS A, B, C  (3 TRIMESTERS:) *

    Course Code: PMA106, PMA107, PMA108
    Recommendation: C or better in Algebra II-A AND a C or better in one of the following: Algebra II-B, Intro to Statistics, or Problem Solving
    AP Statistics is a three-trimester course in which students are introduced to the major concepts and tools for collecting, analyzing, and drawing conclusions from data. The course content is comparable to an introductory non-calculus-based college course in Statistics and prepares students to take the AP Statistics exam. The third trimester counts for elective math credit and focuses on synthesizing and applying course topics while preparing students to pass the AP Exam. 

     CALCULUS 1,2

    Course Code: PMA119, PPMA 120
    Recommendation: C or better both trimesters of Math Analysis/Trig.
    Students in this course study functions, limits of functions, the derivative and its applications, and the integral and its applications. This is a third-credit qualifying class.

    AP CALCULUS AB A, B, C  (3 TRIMESTERS) *

    Course Codes: PMA100, PMA101, PMA102
    Recommendation: C or better in Math Analysis and Trigonometry
    AP Calculus AB is a three-trimester course in which student’s study functions, limits of functions, the derivative and its applications, and the integral and its applications.  The third trimester counts for elective math credit and focuses on synthesizing and applying course topics while preparing students to pass the AP Exam. 

     AP CALCULUS BC A, B, C (3 TRIMESTERS :) *

    Course Code: PMA103, PMA104, PMA105
    Recommendation: C or better in AP Calculus AB or recommendation of the instructor
    AP Calculus BC is a three-trimester course which continues the content of AP Calculus AB and expands students’ repertoire of integration techniques, as well as adding Polar Equations, Parametric Functions, and Series. The third trimester counts for elective math

    ADVANCED QUANTITATIVE REASONING 

    Course Codes: PMA129
    Recommendation: Completion of Algebra II A, B
    Advanced Quantitative Reasoning is designed to reinforce, build on, and solidify students’ working knowledge of Algebra I-A, B, Geometry A, B and Algebra II-A, B develop students’ quantitative literacy for effective citizenship, for workplace competitiveness, and for post-secondary education; develop students’ ability to investigate and solve mathematical problems and to communicate using  precise mathematical language supported by the appropriate use of tables, graphs and diagrams; and will prepare students for post-secondary course work in statistics, computer science, mathematics, technical fields, and the natural and social sciences. Advanced Quantitative Reasoning is a rigorous, upper-level mathematics course designed to serve as the final course in the math sequence for those who take it. AQR is open only to seniors. This is a third-credit qualifying course.

     AP COMPUTER SCIENCE A, B*

    Course Code: PMA138, PMA139
    Prerequisite: Algebra I-A, B
    (Eligible for Third Credit Math option or Career and Tech Ed credit)
    AP Computer Science is a fast-paced course meant to replicate a college introductory programming class, it is designed for students who have an interest in computer related careers. Students need good problem solving skills and a willingness to work hard. Students will be learning JAVA, with emphasis on problem solving, computer science theory and program syntax.

     JAVA GAME PROGRAMMING *

    Course Code: PMA155
    Prerequisite: AP Computer Science or teacher permission
    (Eligible for Third Credit Math option or Career and Tech Ed credit)
    This course is the optional, but recommended follow up course for AP Computer Science. Develop your Java skills while reviewing for the AP test through game-related projects. Expand your opportunities with this popular, cross-platform programming language.

    AP COMPUTER SCIENCE PRINCIPLES A, B*

    Course Code: PMA144, PMA145
    Jumpstart your ability to secure a job! This class was created specifically to address the skills employers say are lacking in every industry. AP Computer Science Principles will give students the opportunity to use technology to address real-world problems and build relevant solutions. The course focuses on the innovative aspects of computing as well as the computational thinking practices that help students see how computing is relevant to many areas of their everyday lives. The course will introduce students to programming, abstractions, algorithms, large data sets, the Internet, cybersecurity concerns, and computing impacts. Bonus! This course will expose you to great jobs in computer science that you may not be aware of.

    JAVASCRIPT PROGRAMMING *

    Course Code: PMA156
    Prerequisite: AP Computer Science Principles or teacher permission
    (Eligible for Third Credit Math option or Career and Tech Ed credit)
    This course is the optional, but recommended follow up course for AP Computer Science Principles. Review for the AP test while learning this popular web programming language. JavaScript can be described as the language that makes up the behavior of a page. As most languages consist of being server side, the advantages of being front-end make it a much more interactive experience for the users.

    COMPUTER PROGRAMMING I, II*

    Course Code: PMA147, PMA148
    (Eligible for Third Credit Math option or Career and Tech Ed credit) These Computer Programming trimesters can be taken in any order and are designed for beginning programmers who want to gain introductory level experience in an object-oriented environment.

     FINANCIAL ALGEBRA A, B *

    Course Code: PMA151, PMA152
    (Eligible for Third Credit Math option or Career and Tech Ed credit) 
    Math that matters! Take your first step to financial freedom. Financial Algebra focuses on problem solving as related to: the stock market, modeling a business, banking, consumer credit, automobile ownership, employment basics, income taxes, planning for retirement, and preparing a budget. Learn math that will benefit you for the rest of your life!

    INDEPENDENT LIVING*

    Course Code: PMA153
    (Eligible for Third Credit Math option or Career and Tech Ed credit)
    This course will prepare young adults to competently make decisions for their future. The responsibilities of being independent and managing resources are strongly emphasized. Students will research the expenses of finding a place to live, choosing insurance companies, furnishing an apartment or home, buying a new car and more. This course will also explore maintaining checking and savings accounts, paying taxes and keeping a budget. The course emphasizes acquiring knowledge skills and attitudes to help ensure successful living on one's own.



    SUPPORT CLASSES


    ALGEBRA SUPPORT A, B

    Course Code: PMA157. PMA158
    This course is designed to support students in being successful in Algebra I-A, B. Concepts taught in Algebra I-A,B are pre-taught and reviewed in Algebra Support. This course can be taken only with instructor permission and concurrently with Algebra I-A,B. Algebra Support credits may be used only as elective credits.

    ALGEBRA SUPPORT C, D

    Course Code:  PMA159, PMA160
    This course is designed to support students in being successful in Algebra II-A, B . Concepts taught in Algebra II-A, B  are pre-taught and reviewed in Algebra Support. This course can be taken only with instructor permission and concurrently with Algebra II-A, B . Algebra Support credits may be used only as elective credits.

    GEOMETRY SUPPORT A, B

    Course Code: PMA161, PMA162
    This course is designed to support students in being successful in Geometry A,B. Concepts taught in Geometry A,B are pre-taught and reviewed in Geometry Support. This course can be taken only with instructor permission and concurrently with Geometry A,B. Geometry Support credits may be used only as elective credit.